Here is the beginner’s guide on coding!

Learning to code/program for the first time? Confused about which programming language to start with? Here is the beginner’s guide on coding!

To start coding, you need to have a basic idea about the various popular coding languages and what are its uses. In this case, your end goal determines the language you need to learn. Given below is a list of popular programming languages with their origin, uses and which major companies are using it

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  • PHP:

PHP is a server-side interpreted, non-compiled scripting language. It can be written in HTML and hence the result is displayed as plain HTML to the user.

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PHP was developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in1994 and the code was made public in the year 1995.


Generate Dynamic Page Content, Collect form data, Send and receive cookies, Encrypt data, Restrict users to access some pages on any site, Create/Open/Read/Write any file on the server.

Key Facts:

PHP works on any platform(Windows, Linux, Mac etc.), Free and open source, supports a wide range of databases.

PHP is used on more than 20 million websites today including Facebook and Wikipedia.

  • JavaScript:

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          JavaScript is a client side scripting language which is embedded in most web browsers today.


It was developed in the year 1995 by Netscape.


Javascript can mainly be used for advertising, making web widgets and analytics.

Key Facts:

Jquery is one of the most used Javascript library used by more than 22% of the top million websites. You can use Javascript to create autocomplete function or to check username availability as the user enters it.

  • SQL(Structured Query Language):

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SQL is not a typical programming language in the technical sense, it is just a standard way t interact with databases and to move information in and out of them. It is a good start if you want to become a web developer.


It was developed at IBM in the early 70s and the first standardized version was launched in 1986-87.


Creating a new database, Insert/Delete/Update/Retrieve records in any database, Executing queries against a database, Create standard stored procedures in any database, Set permissions on any database.

Key Facts:

Oracle, Sybase, and Microsoft are the three different developers of SQL but fundamentally all SQL programs function in the same way. There is also an open source version MySQL, popular among developers.

  • C++ :

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It is an object-oriented programming language developed as an enhanced version of the earlier C.


Earlier developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as “C with classes”. It was named as C++ in the year 1983.


To develop an application for windows and Linux, developing video games and to develop mobile applications.

Key Facts:

It is a highly portable language and supported by Apple, Android, Windows phones and Blackberry.

  • Java:

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It is a server-side interpreted compiled language. While the name may sound similar to JavaScript, it is no way related to that.


First released by Sun Microsystems in the year 1995, it is one of the oldest programming languages on the web.


You can play online games, upload photos, take virtual tours or use interactive maps all because of the Java.

Key Facts:

Java is a slow to change and stable language. It is the basis of the Android operating system.

  • Python:

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It’s a server-side interpreted, non-compiled and open source language. It can either be used on its own or as an internal part of any other framework like Django.


It was developed as a hobby programming project by Guido Van Rossum in 1989.


It can be used to build websites, desktop graphic user interfaces, software, and games. Can also be used to provide database access.

Key Facts:

In recent years, Python has been used extensively in the field of analytics. United Space Alliance the contractor of NASA’s space shuttles, also uses Python.

  • Objective-C:

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It is basically an object-oriented programming model of the C language, primarily used by developers of Apple.


First appeared at a company named Stepstone, later it was licensed to NeXT in 1988.


To develop mobile applications for Apple’s iOS and to develop applications for OS X.

Key Facts:

Objective-C is licensed to and mainly used by Apple only


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