ACADEMICS

Active Components – Integrated circuits…

Integrated circuits

An Integrated Circuit is a chip or a microchip on which thousands of transistors, capacitors, resistors are fabricated. It can be an Amplifier IC, a timer IC, a waveform generator IC, a memory IC or a Microcontroller IC. It can be an analog IC with a continuous variable output or a Digital IC operating at a few defined layers. The fundamental building blocks of Digital ICs are the logic gates.

Packages

DIP (DUAL LINE IN PACKAGE)

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MSOP(MINI SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE)

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SOP( SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE)

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SOT( SMALL OUTLINE TRANSISTOR)

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TQFP( THIN QUAD FLAP PACKAGE)

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Classification of ICs (Integrated Circuits)

Below is the classification of different types of ICs basis on their chip size.

  • SSI: Small scale integration. 3 – 30 gates per chip.
  • MSI: Medium scale integration. 30 – 300 gates per chip.
  • LSI: Large scale integration. 300 – 3,000 gates per chip.
  • VLSI: Very large scale integration. More than 3,000 gates per chip.

Types of ICs (Integrated Circuits)

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Description:

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