Here is the beginner’s guide on coding!

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Learning to code/program for the first time? Confused about which programming language to start with? Here is the beginner’s guide on coding!

To start coding, you need to have a basic idea about the various popular coding languages and what are its uses. In this case, your end goal determines the language you need to learn. Given below is a list of popular programming languages with their origin, uses and which major companies are using it

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  • PHP:

PHP is a server-side interpreted, non-compiled scripting language. It can be written in HTML and hence the result is displayed as plain HTML to the user.

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Origin:

PHP was developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in1994 and the code was made public in the year 1995.

Uses:

Generate Dynamic Page Content, Collect form data, Send and receive cookies, Encrypt data, Restrict users to access some pages on any site, Create/Open/Read/Write any file on the server.

Key Facts:

PHP works on any platform(Windows, Linux, Mac etc.), Free and open source, supports a wide range of databases.

PHP is used on more than 20 million websites today including Facebook and Wikipedia.

  • JavaScript:

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          JavaScript is a client side scripting language which is embedded in most web browsers today.

Origin:

It was developed in the year 1995 by Netscape.

Uses:

Javascript can mainly be used for advertising, making web widgets and analytics.

Key Facts:

Jquery is one of the most used Javascript library used by more than 22% of the top million websites. You can use Javascript to create autocomplete function or to check username availability as the user enters it.

  • SQL(Structured Query Language):

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SQL is not a typical programming language in the technical sense, it is just a standard way t interact with databases and to move information in and out of them. It is a good start if you want to become a web developer.

Origin:

It was developed at IBM in the early 70s and the first standardized version was launched in 1986-87.

Uses:

Creating a new database, Insert/Delete/Update/Retrieve records in any database, Executing queries against a database, Create standard stored procedures in any database, Set permissions on any database.

Key Facts:

Oracle, Sybase, and Microsoft are the three different developers of SQL but fundamentally all SQL programs function in the same way. There is also an open source version MySQL, popular among developers.

  • C++ :

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It is an object-oriented programming language developed as an enhanced version of the earlier C.

Origin:

Earlier developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as “C with classes”. It was named as C++ in the year 1983.

Uses:

To develop an application for windows and Linux, developing video games and to develop mobile applications.

Key Facts:

It is a highly portable language and supported by Apple, Android, Windows phones and Blackberry.

  • Java:

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It is a server-side interpreted compiled language. While the name may sound similar to JavaScript, it is no way related to that.

Origin:

First released by Sun Microsystems in the year 1995, it is one of the oldest programming languages on the web.

Uses:

You can play online games, upload photos, take virtual tours or use interactive maps all because of the Java.

Key Facts:

Java is a slow to change and stable language. It is the basis of the Android operating system.

  • Python:

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It’s a server-side interpreted, non-compiled and open source language. It can either be used on its own or as an internal part of any other framework like Django.

Origin:

It was developed as a hobby programming project by Guido Van Rossum in 1989.

Uses:

It can be used to build websites, desktop graphic user interfaces, software, and games. Can also be used to provide database access.

Key Facts:

In recent years, Python has been used extensively in the field of analytics. United Space Alliance the contractor of NASA’s space shuttles, also uses Python.

  • Objective-C:

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It is basically an object-oriented programming model of the C language, primarily used by developers of Apple.

Origin:

First appeared at a company named Stepstone, later it was licensed to NeXT in 1988.

Uses:

To develop mobile applications for Apple’s iOS and to develop applications for OS X.

Key Facts:

Objective-C is licensed to and mainly used by Apple only

 

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